Pycnogenol, flavangenol

These are constituents extracted from the bark of trees that grow in the southwest of France. Depending on the method of extraction, the substance is divided into “pycnogenol” and “flavangenol.” A combination of a number of types of polyphenols, this constituent has powerful antioxidant effects that are said to be several hundreds of times stronger than those of substances such as vitamin E and C. As well as antioxidant effects, this substance also features skin-beautifying effects comprising promotion of the production of collagen and suppression of collagenese (an enzyme that breaks down collagen) and tyrosinase activities.